Powell, Fed Raise Rates 25 BPS – The Banking Crisis Continues

Jerome Powell, the Federal Reserve Chair has sat in front of the American public and stated how “The Fight Against Inflation” is the Fed’s priority.

King Jerome plays a crucial role in overseeing the country’s monetary policy and regulating our financial institutions. His responsibilities include setting the federal funds rate, which is the interest rate that banks charge each other for overnight loans, and implementing measures to ensure the stability and growth of the U.S. economy. Powell also worked closely with other members of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) in making decisions related to monetary policy and managing the nation’s money supply.

Well, let us just say that their battle against inflation has been quite challenging and comes with consequences. With now the 10th rate hike in a row starting back in 2022, we have seen historic events in terms of banking failures.  

Three of the largest banking failures have occurred in 2023. Notably First Republic Bank, Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank. If you look today at Regional Bank ETF’s across the street and they are absolutely getting slaughtered. Right now, it is as if Jerome Powell can speak and nuke a regional bank on sight. You can see with sell offs in other regional banks and these secondary products such as ETF that have such holdings.

Regardless, whether Jerome Powell says the banking system is fine or J.P Morgan CEO Jamie Simon says, “this part of the crisis is over” just two days before the rate hike just shows that Mr. Dimon might be shopping for his next quick banking scoop for pennies on the dollar. When this is all said and done we might see the consolidation of the banking system even further, like we have seen in Big Tech.

In unprecedented times in American History through an economic sense, we may be seeing our whole financial system evaporating and or changing without anyone even telling us as a “Strategic Default,” but we will get into that a little later on. For now, we are going to remind you what a good old banking crisis does in America. 

How a Banking Crisis Effects The US Economy

If you can remember 2008, you are good to go, you already have experience through one of the most prolific global financial recessions in history so this should feel like nothing! But if you weren’t old enough to remember, or flat out blocked it from your memory, a banking crisis is a significant event that can impact every and we mean every aspect of an economy. In the United States, banking crises have occurred from time to time, and their effects on the economy can be severe and usually leaves some sort of mark in society moving forward. Here, we will explore the causes and consequences of a banking crisis, as well as the government’s response to such an event.

Understanding the Banking Crisis

Our banking system plays a crucial role in the US economy. Banks are the major source of credit for businesses and households, and they also help to manage the nation’s monetary policy. In the simplest terms, a banking crisis is an event that disrupts the ability of banks to function properly. These events occur when there is a widespread loss of confidence in the banking system.

The role of banks in the US economy

Banks are intermediaries between savers and borrowers. They take deposits from customers and use those funds to make loans. Banks earn a profit by charging borrowers a higher interest rate than they pay depositors. The banking system plays a critical role in the economy because it facilitates the flow of credit. When credit is readily available, businesses can expand, households can purchase homes and other assets, and the economy can grow.

Moreover, banks are also responsible for managing the nation’s monetary policy. The Federal Reserve, which is the central bank of the United States, uses various tools to influence the money supply and interest rates in the economy. By adjusting these variables, the Federal Reserve can help to stabilize the economy during periods of recession or inflation.

Causes of a banking crisis

There are several reasons why a banking crisis can occur. One possible cause is a sudden loss of confidence by depositors. If a large number of depositors withdraw their funds from a bank, it can quickly run out of cash. This can trigger a chain reaction, as other depositors may also become concerned and withdraw their funds, leading to a bank run.

Another cause of a banking crisis is widespread loan defaults. If borrowers fail to repay their loans, banks can experience significant losses. This can happen if there is a sudden economic downturn or if borrowers were given loans that they could not realistically repay. In some cases, banks may also engage in risky lending practices, such as lending to individuals or businesses with poor credit histories. If you ask us, these financial events are not only driven by greed, but incompetence. A lot of these financial associates do as they are told, get paid well and are not even aware that they are most likely a part of the problem. This scene from The Big Short (2015) below does a pretty good job showing that. 

A third possible cause of a banking crisis is a decline in asset values. If the value of the assets that banks hold, such as real estate or stocks, declines sharply, it can result in large losses for the banking system. This can happen if there is a sudden drop in the stock market or if there is a housing market crash.

Historical Examples Of Banking Crises In The US

There have been several banking crises in the US since the Great Depression. One of the most severe was the Savings and Loan (S&L) crisis in the 1980s. In that crisis, more than 1,000 banks failed due to risky lending practices. The crisis was caused by a combination of factors, including deregulation of the banking industry, a real estate market crash, and fraud by some S&L executives.

The most recent banking crisis occurred in 2008 when the collapse of the housing market led to widespread defaults on mortgages. This event caused several major banks to fail and sparked a global financial crisis. The crisis was caused by a combination of factors, including lax lending standards, a housing market bubble, and complex financial instruments that were difficult to value.

In response to the crisis, the US government passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010. This law aimed to prevent another banking crisis by increasing oversight of the financial industry, strengthening consumer protections, and creating a mechanism for the government to wind down failing banks in an orderly manner.

Overall, banking crises can have severe consequences for the economy and for individual households and businesses. Understanding the causes and consequences of these events is essential for policymakers, bankers, and the general public.

Immediate Effects Of A Banking Crisis

When a banking crisis occurs, the immediate effects can be severe. The following are some of the most common consequences:

Financial Market Disruptions

A banking crisis can cause severe disruptions in financial markets. Stock prices can plummet, bond yields can rise, and the currency can devalue. These disruptions can cause panic among investors, which can worsen the situation.

For example, during the 2008 financial crisis, the stock market experienced significant declines, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropping by over 50% from its peak in October 2007 to its low in March 2009. The crisis also led to a devaluation of the US dollar, which decreased in value against other major currencies. These disruptions had a ripple effect across the global economy, leading to a recession that lasted for several years.

Bank Failures And Loss Of Confidence

In a banking crisis, some banks may fail, and others may face financial difficulties. This situation can cause a loss of confidence in the banking system, which may lead to further bank runs and failures.

During the Great Depression in the 1930s, over 9,000 banks failed in the United States alone. This led to a loss of confidence in the banking system, with many people withdrawing their money from banks and keeping it in cash. This further worsened the crisis, as banks were unable to meet the demand for withdrawals and were forced to close their doors.

Credit Crunch And Reduced Lending

A banking crisis can cause a credit crunch, which is a situation where banks stop lending to businesses and households. This can lead to a contraction in economic activity and a recession.

During the 2008 financial crisis, banks became hesitant to lend money to businesses and households due to the increased risk of default. This led to a credit crunch, which made it difficult for businesses to access the capital they needed to operate and for households to obtain mortgages and other loans. This reduction in lending led to a contraction in economic activity and a recession that affected countries around the world.

In conclusion, a banking crisis can have severe immediate effects on financial markets, banks, and the economy as a whole. It is important for governments and central banks to take swift action to address the crisis and restore confidence in the banking system.

Impact On Businesses And Consumers

The impact of a banking crisis on businesses and consumers can be severe. The following are some of the most common consequences:

Business Closures And Bankruptcies

In a banking crisis, many businesses may fail, particularly those that rely on credit to survive. This can lead to widespread job losses and a decline in economic activity.

Small businesses, in particular, may struggle to obtain credit during a banking crisis. This can make it difficult for them to pay their bills, purchase inventory, or invest in new equipment. As a result, many small businesses may be forced to close their doors.

Large corporations may also be impacted by a banking crisis. They may have trouble obtaining credit to finance their operations or may see a decline in demand for their products and services. This can lead to layoffs, reduced profits, and in some cases, bankruptcy.

Unemployment And Wage Stagnation

A banking crisis can cause a rise in unemployment and a decline in wages. This occurs as businesses lay off workers, and consumers reduce spending. The result is a decline in demand, which can worsen the economic situation.

Workers who lose their jobs during a banking crisis may struggle to find new employment. This can lead to long-term unemployment and a decline in skills and productivity. Even those who are able to find new jobs may see a decline in wages, as employers have less money to pay their workers.

Wage stagnation can also occur during a banking crisis. As businesses struggle to stay afloat, they may freeze wages or reduce benefits to save money. This can make it difficult for workers to make ends meet, which can further reduce consumer spending.

Reduced Consumer Spending And Investment

In a banking crisis, consumers may reduce their spending and investment, particularly if they fear losing their jobs or their savings. This can cause a reduction in demand, which can worsen the economic situation.

Consumers may cut back on discretionary spending, such as eating out, going to movies, or taking vacations. They may also delay major purchases, such as cars or homes, until the economic situation improves.

Investors may also be impacted by a banking crisis. They may see a decline in the value of their investments, particularly if they have invested in companies that are struggling. This can lead to a decline in consumer confidence, which can further reduce spending and investment.

In conclusion, a banking crisis can have far-reaching consequences for businesses and consumers. It can lead to job losses, wage stagnation, reduced consumer spending, and a decline in economic activity. It is important for governments and financial institutions to work together to prevent and mitigate the impact of banking crises.

Government Response To A Banking Crisis

When a banking crisis occurs, the government has several options to mitigate its impact. The following are some of the most common responses:

Regulatory Changes And Oversight

The government can implement regulatory changes to prevent future banking crises. For example, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was passed in response to the 2008 financial crisis. This law imposed new regulations on banks and other financial institutions. Some of the regulations included increased oversight on financial institutions, enhanced capital requirements, and the creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to protect consumers from unfair financial practices.

In addition to these regulations, the government can also work with international organizations, such as the International Monetary Fund, to establish global standards for financial regulation. This can help prevent future banking crises from occurring and ensure that the global financial system remains stable.

Bailouts And Financial Support

The government can also provide financial support to banks that are facing difficulties. In some cases, the government may provide direct loans or capital injections to keep a bank afloat. However, this approach can be controversial, as it can be seen as rewarding banks for risky behavior and creating a moral hazard.

Another approach is to provide financial support to consumers who are struggling to pay their mortgages or other debts. This can help prevent foreclosures and reduce the number of bad loans on banks’ balance sheets. The government can also provide support to small businesses that are struggling to access credit, which can help stimulate economic growth and reduce the likelihood of future banking crises.

Monetary And Fiscal Policy Adjustments

The government can use monetary and fiscal policy to mitigate the impact of a banking crisis. For example, the Federal Reserve can lower interest rates to stimulate economic activity, and the government can increase spending to boost demand. However, these policies can have unintended consequences, such as inflation or a weakening of the currency.

Another approach is to use targeted policies to support specific sectors of the economy that have been affected by the banking crisis. For example, the government can provide tax incentives for businesses that invest in new technology or expand their operations. This can help create new jobs and stimulate economic growth.

Finally, the government can work with other countries to coordinate their response to a banking crisis. This can help ensure that the response is effective and that the global financial system remains stable.


A banking crisis is a serious event that can have a significant impact on the US economy. It can cause financial market disruptions, bank failures, a credit crunch, business closures, unemployment, and reduced consumer spending. Additionally, the government has several responses available, including regulatory changes, bailouts, and monetary and fiscal policy adjustments. It is essential to understand the causes and consequences of a banking crisis to be prepared to respond effectively.

If there is one thing different about this financial crisis is the emergence and implementation of technology now rather than 2008. In these big market shake-ups and more banks close we may see these large technology companies like Apple, start providing a more enhanced service that the regional banks that are closing their doors. 


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